General Admission

Admission and Regulation Rules


With effect from 28 March 2003, admission and pupillage are governed by the new provisions of the Legal Practitioners Ordinance, Cap.159, Laws of Hong Kong ("the Ordinance") and its subsidiary rules.

Admission under s. 27(1) of the Legal Practitioners Ordinance - Overview flow chart of the steps to be taken at various stages of pupillage

General admission is governed by section 27 of the Ordinance.

Qualifications for general admission prescribed by the Bar Council are set out in the Barristers (Qualification for Admission and Pupillage) Rules ("B(QAP)R").


A person is qualified for admission as a barrister under section 27(1) of the Ordinance if he:
(a) is a holder of a Postgraduate Certificate in Law;
(b) is a solicitor in Hong Kong; or
(c) is an overseas lawyer

For details, please refer to section 4(1) of the B(QAP)R

However, the prevailing route of getting qualified is through obtaining a PCLL in any of the three universities in Hong Kong, namely the University of Hong Kong, the City University of Hong Kong and the Chinese University of Hong Kong.

The Below Flowcharts Show the Steps Taken for Admission under s. 27(1) of the Legal Practitioners Ordinance via Different Routes:

Post-graduate Certificate in Laws

Post-graduate Certificate in Laws (PCLL) is a pre-requisite for entering the Bar Profession. It is a practical legal training programme which allows its graduates to proceed to pupillage.

A person, who has completed his Bachelor of Laws (LLB) or Juris Doctor (JD) or equivalent legal studies in other common law jurisdictions, is eligible for admission to the PCLL in one of the three universities, namely the University of Hong Kong, the City University of Hong Kong or the Chinese University of Hong Kong.

For the entry requirements for the PCLL and the PCLL Conversion Examination Syllabus please click here or contact:

The Secretary 
Hong Kong Conversion Examination Board,
c/o PCLL Conversion Examination and Administration Limited
34/F United Centre
95 Queensway
Hong Kong

Telephone number: 3761 1123 
Fax Number: 2861 2404 
Email address [email protected]

Solicitor in Hong Kong or Legal Officer Employed by the Department of Justice of Hong Kong SAR

To be qualified for admission as a barrister, a solicitor in Hong Kong must have been admitted as such for at least 3 years either immediately or in any case not more than 12 months before the date of his application for admission and during that time he was in practice as a solicitor in Hong Kong or was employed by the Government as a legal officer (as defined in the Legal Officers Ordinance, Cap.87).

Overseas Lawyer

To be qualified for admission, an overseas lawyer must:
(a) hold a currently valid certificate of admission as legal practitioner in his jurisdiction of admission;
(b) have been in practice for at least 3 years in the jurisdiction of admission;
(c) be a person of good standing in the jurisdiction of admission; and
(d) pass the Barristers Qualification Examination (BQE).

For details, please refer to section 4(2) of the B(QAP)R

Barrister Qualification Examination (BQE)

Pursuant to section 5 of the B(QAP)R, the BQE is held at least once a year.  It consists of five examination papers covering subjects on Contract, Tort, Property Law (including Real and Personal Property), Conveyancing, Equity (including the Law of Trusts), Criminal Law, Criminal Procedure and Criminal Evidence, Hong Kong Legal System and Constitutional and Administrative Law, Company Law, Civil Procedure and Civil Evidence, and Professional Conduct and Advocacy.

Barrister Qualification Examination 2022
Information Package
Examination Supplement I (General)
Examination Supplement II (Syllabus & Reading List)
Examination Supplement III (2020 Papers)

Past Papers - 2019
Past Papers - 2018
Past Papers - 2017
Past Papers - 2016
Past Papers - 2015
Past Papers - 2014
Past Papers - 2013
Past Papers - 2012
Seeking to sit the Examination - certificate of eligibility for admission, please see:
section 6 of the B(QAP)R
[Forms 1&2, Schedule 2, B(QAP)R]

Requirements for passing the Examination section 7 of the B(QAP)R


​For exemption from the Examination, please refer to sections 4(4)-(5) of the B(QAP)R

Certified completion of not less than 6 months of pupillage (or such period if reduced to less than 6 months), kindly refer to sections 4(3); 10(4) of the B(QAP)R
Seeking to be admitted as a barrister - certificate of qualification for admission, kindly refer to:
section 8 of the B(QAP)R
[Forms 3&4, Schedule 2, B(QAP)R]
Procedure for application for admission as a barrister are set out in the Barristers (Admission) Rules ("B(A)R").
Notwithstanding the repeal of section 27A of the Ordinance, the Court may at any time admit a person belonging to this category as a barrister in accordance with section 27A as that section existed before its repeal subject to a maximum of 4 persons so admitted in any period of 12 months. In this case, the Barristers (Qualification) Rules shall apply.
section 74D of the Ordinance
section 3(b) of the B(QAP)R
section 1A(b) of the B(Q)R